Masonry


Introduction


Freemasonry emerged in the Middle Ages, in the main period of the great Gothic churches construction, where the role of the architect, at that time, exercised by the Freemason (Freemason), had great importance and, therefore, he occupied a high position in the hierarchy of professions, having numerous privileges, such as certain tax exemptions, special courts and franchises. It should differentiate here the freemasons (Freemasons), which held all the knowledge of the construction of the buildings, from the raw masons (rough masons), which were incubated only to construct properly the building, unknowing nothing of the technique, and who worked under the command of the freemasons.

Masonry, over time, is divided into two phases. The first phase, the medieval, is called 'operational' because its members were skilled workers.

Because of its importance, the freemasons were well regarded by the aristocracy and, besides being well paid, they were protected by these ones. In order not to popularize the profession, trivializing it, the freemasons did numerous restrictions on the admission of new members. The secrets of the Royal Art of Architecture were sent only to those who show themselves worthy to meet them. These Masons, who dominated the construction technique, were dubbed the 'old Masons'.

The occultists and alchemists of that time, especially the Rosicrucians, were much persecuted, and to provide security, they often resorted to the freemasons, due their protection and privileges. Some of these occultists were admitted to the order of Freemasons, the 'old Masons', despite do not have the construction technique, therefore they were called 'accepted Masons'.

Between 1646 and 1664, Elias Ashmole, an influential English Rosicrucian, infiltrated several of its members among the Freemasons and began the hierarchical organization of the Masons, establishing the master's degree.

Over time, especially in England, the proportion of 'accepted Masons' surpassed the 'old Masons' and Freemasonry entered its second phase: the speculative phase, in which his followers came to be mostly "men of thought". The industrial revolution did much to make that happen, because many colleges have made access to architecture and engineering, more accessible, minimizing the importance of 'old Masons'. It was at this stage that the secret rituals and the occult studies were incorporated into the Masonic fraternities.

Freemasonry as we know, similar to today, was founded by four members on June 24, 1717 in London, with the first Grand Master Anthony Sayer, a simple book keeper. Then came the Grand Lodge of London, until today the most important institution of world order. These firsts freemasons do not even imagine the English throne heirs will occupy their posts in the future.

The growth of Freemasonry began to arouse interest in the wealthy elite, which has joined its ranks, attracted by the occult and ritualistic atmosphere, providing the organization of political and economic power. This infiltration, especially with the admission, in the eighteenth century, of politicians, unscrupulous bankers and Illuminati members, who have come to take their higher degrees (and who hold to this day), misrepresented the Masonic elite, bypassing the goal of the class , to do good for the world, came to be to make the world a slave, preaching a 'New World Order' (see Illuminati).